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Essay Referencing Systems Engineer

Our citation generator is great for automatically compiling your bibliographies, but it's still important you know the process of creating a bibliography manually, and the reasons why citing your sources is necessary.

For these reasons we have prepared the following set of guides to assist you:

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  • ACM SIG Proceedings ("et al." for 3+ authors) style
  • Acta Polytechnica style
  • Alternatives to Animal Experimentation style
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  • Academy of Management Review style
  • Advanced Engineering Materials style
  • Advanced Materials style
  • Aging Cell style
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  • Anticancer Research style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • American Association for Cancer Research style
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  • Biochemistry style
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  • Chinese Std GB/T 7714-2005 (author-date, Chinese) style
  • Chinese Std GB/T 7714-2005 (numeric, Chinese) style
  • Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering style
  • Clinical Otolaryngology style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (annotated bibliography with abstract) style
  • Conservation Biology style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (German/Deutsch) style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - FACE (Autoria completa. Exemplo: MENDES, José) (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Current Protocols journals style
  • Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (library list) style
  • Association for Computing Machinery style
  • Acta Ophthalmologica style
  • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics style
  • Chinese Std GB/T 7714-1987 (numeric, Chinese) style
  • Ear and Hearing style
  • Économie et Statistique (French) style
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  • American Journal of Botany style
  • Australian Guide to Legal Citation style
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  • Clinical Nuclear Medicine style
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  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (curriculum vitae, sorted by descending date) style
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  • Bioelectromagnetics style
  • Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation style
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  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers style
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  • Annals of the Association of American Geographers style
  • Ethnobiology and Conservation style
  • Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry style
  • ACM SIGGRAPH style
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  • Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences) (Swedish) style
  • Allergy style
  • American Institute of Physics style
  • European Journal of Pain style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Université de Montréal) (French - Canada) style
  • Australian Historical Studies style
  • Biochemical Society Transactions style
  • Biological Psychiatry style
  • Aquatic Living Resources style
  • Future Science Group style
  • BioMed Central style
  • Clinical Microbiology and Infection style
  • Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Universidade Federal do Paraná (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Council of Science Editors, Citation-Name (numeric, sorted alphabetically) style
  • ACS Nano style
  • Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica style
  • Decision Sciences style
  • Disability and Rehabilitation style
  • ACM SIGCHI Proceedings - Extended Abstract Format style
  • DIN 1505-2 (numeric, German) style
  • Administrative Science Quarterly style
  • DIN 1505-2 (numeric, sorted alphabetically, German) style
  • Anesthesia and Analgesia style
  • DNA Research style
  • Earth Surface Processes and Landforms style
  • European Journal of Political Research style
  • Ecology style
  • Environment and Planning style
  • Annual Reviews (author-date) style
  • European Cells & Materials style
  • European Journal of Ophthalmology style
  • Freie Universität Berlin - Geographische Wissenschaften (German) style
  • Harvard - Cape Peninsula University of Technology style
  • American Chemical Society (page-first) style
  • Archaeometry style
  • Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie style
  • Harvard (German/Deutsch) style
  • Health Services Research style
  • Acta Naturae style
  • Acta Palaeontologica Polonica style
  • History and Theory style
  • ASAIO Journal (American Society for Artificial Internal Organs) style
  • Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine style
  • Hydrobiologia style
  • International Journal of Cancer style
  • Association for Computational Linguistics - Conference Proceedings style
  • BioMed Research International style
  • International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health style
  • International Journal of Wildland Fire style
  • British Journal of Pharmacology style
  • Campus adventiste du Salève - Faculté adventiste de théologie (French) style
  • ISO-690 (author-date, French) style
  • Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française (French) style
  • Geoarchaeology style
  • Grasas y Aceites style
  • ISO-690 (note, no abstract, French) style
  • Journalistica (Danish) style
  • Cerebral Cortex style
  • Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (Spanish) style
  • Cell journals (numeric) style
  • Cell Research style
  • Journal of Atrial Fibrillation style
  • Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (note, no Ibid.) style
  • American Anthropological Association style
  • Journal of Avian Biology style
  • Biochimica et Biophysica Acta style
  • Eye style
  • Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment style
  • American Journal of Archaeology style
  • Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia style
  • American Journal of Neuroradiology style
  • Currents in Biblical Research style
  • American Sociological Association style
  • Die Bachelorarbeit (Samac et al.) (in-text, German) style
  • Cellular Reprogramming style
  • Advanced Functional Materials style
  • Elsevier Harvard (without titles) style
  • Coral Reefs style
  • Corrosion style
  • European Retail Research style
  • First Monday style
  • French Politics style
  • Ecosystems style
  • Elsevier (numeric, with titles, sorted alphabetically) style
  • Council of Science Editors, Citation-Sequence (numeric) style
  • Russian GOST R 7.0.5-2008 (numeric) style
  • Harvard - North-West University style
  • Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences Proceedings style
  • Drugs of Today style
  • Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean style
  • Equine Veterinary Education style
  • Biotropica style
  • British Journal of Political Science style
  • Endocrine Press style
  • Environmental Conservation style
  • Equine Veterinary Journal style
  • El profesional de la información (Spanish) style
  • Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Recht Berlin (German) style
  • Federation of European Microbiological Societies style
  • Environmental Health Perspectives style
  • European Respiratory Journal style
  • ergoscience style
  • European Journal of Soil Science style
  • Fish and Fisheries style
  • American Chemical Society (with titles, sentence case) style
  • British Journal of Surgery style
  • Free Radical Research style
  • Geistes- und Kulturwissenschaften (Heilmann) (German) style
  • Evolution & Development style
  • Human Pathology style
  • Interaction Design & Architecture(s) style
  • Harvard - Bath University style
  • Fachhochschule Vorarlberg (German) style
  • Genèses: Sciences sociales et histoire (French) style
  • Global Ecology and Biogeography style
  • Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien style
  • Geological Magazine style
  • Harvard - Anglia Ruskin University style
  • Arthritis & Rheumatism style
  • France (tous les auteurs, numérotation, French) style
  • Freshwater Biology style
  • Harvard - Cardiff University style
  • Harvard - Durham University Business School style
  • Arzneimitteltherapie style
  • Acta Neurochirurgica style
  • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen - Institut für Ethnologie und Ethnologische Sammlung (German) style
  • Harvard - Institut für Praxisforschung (Bahr & Frackmann) (German) style
  • International Journal of Electronic Commerce style
  • American Chemical Society (with titles, no "et al.") style
  • Advances in Complex Systems style
  • Harvard - Leeds Metropolitan University style
  • BYZANTINA SYMMEIKTA style
  • Hamburg School of Food Science (diploma, German) style
  • American Chemical Society (with titles) style
  • Harvard - University of Cape Town style
  • Sascha Foerster - Geisteswissenschaft (German) style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • American Heart Association style
  • American Journal of Surgical Pathology style
  • Harvard - University of Kent style
  • Harvard - Manchester Business School style
  • American Journal of Epidemiology style
  • Harvard - University of Leeds style
  • Frontiers journals style
  • Frontiers in Physics style
  • American Medical Association (no "et al.") style
  • American Medical Association style
  • Hydrological Sciences Journal style
  • American Physiological Society style
  • American Phytopathological Society (numeric) style
  • Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais - FACE (Autoria abreviada. Exemplo: MENDES, J.) (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Annual Reviews (sorted alphabetically) style
  • Ingeniería Agrícola (Spanish) style
  • Annales. Histoire, Sciences sociales (French) style
  • Annals of Oncology style
  • Harvard Reference format 7 (author-date, German) style
  • Bournemouth University - Harvard style
  • Australian Veterinary Journal style
  • International Journal of Lexicography style
  • Harvard - University of Abertay Dundee style
  • Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics style
  • Harvard - University of Hull style
  • Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press style
  • De Buck (Dutch) style
  • Ecology Letters style
  • Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science style
  • Boreal Environment Research style
  • International Pig Veterinary Society Congress Proceedings style
  • Journal of Common Market Studies style
  • Applied Spectroscopy style
  • Bulletin of Marine Science style
  • Journal of Computational Chemistry style
  • Journal of Hypertension style
  • Harvard - Newcastle University style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (author-date, Basque) style
  • Arachne style
  • Archéologie médiévale (French) style
  • Journal of Adolescent Health style
  • American Geophysical Union style
  • Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies style
  • Chroniques des activités archéologiques de l'Ecole française de Rome (French) style
  • American Journal of Medical Genetics style
  • Database style
  • Diatom Research style
  • Chemical Senses style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (figures and illustrations) style
  • American Medical Association (sorted alphabetically) style
  • EMBO reports style
  • Engineering in Life Sciences style
  • American Medical Association (no URL) style
  • Evolutionary Ecology Research style
  • Clay Minerals style
  • Collection du Centre Jean-Bérard (French) style
  • American Meteorological Society style
  • American Society of Civil Engineers style
  • Harvard - The University of Sheffield - School of East Asian Studies style
  • Fachhochschule Kiel - Fachbereich Medien (German) style
  • Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios Griegos e Indoeuropeos (autor-año, Spanish) style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (no DOIs, no issue numbers) style
  • Forest Science style
  • Geology style
  • Acta Philosophica style
  • Arachnology style
  • American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America style
  • Current Opinion journals style
  • Épidémiologie et Santé Animale style
  • Hypotheses in the Life Sciences style
  • BibTeX generic citation style style
  • Biological Journal of the Linnean Society style
  • European Union Interinstitutional Style Guide style
  • Biological Reviews style
  • Bluebook Law Review style
  • Fertility and Sterility style
  • Brazilian Journal of Botany style
  • France (auteurs et al., numérotation, French) style
  • Geografie Sborník ČGS (Czech) style
  • Cell Transplantation style
  • Harvard - The University of Sheffield - Town and Regional Planning style
  • ICES Journal of Marine Science style
  • Critical Care Medicine style
  • Cite Them Right 10th edition - Harvard style
  • Harvard - Oxford Brookes University - Faculty of Health and Life Sciences style
  • Harvard - Swinburne University of Technology style
  • Harvard - Manchester Metropolitan University style
  • American Chemical Society style
  • Acta Materialia style
  • American Chemical Society (author-date) style
  • AMBIO style
  • American Journal of Political Science style
  • Harvard - The University of Northampton style
  • Harvard - University of Gloucestershire style
  • American Journal of Plant Sciences style
  • Harvard - University of Technology, Sydney style
  • American Mineralogist style
  • Heredity style
  • Human Reproduction style
  • Emu - Austral Ornithology style
  • Indian Journal of Medical Research style
  • Annals of Botany style
  • Antiquity style
  • IEEE (with URL) style
  • Infoclio (sans majuscules, French) style
  • American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Turkish) style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (note, Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • American Phytopathological Society style
  • ANPET - Congresso de Pesquisa e Ensino em Transportes (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • ISO-690 (numeric, parentheses, Czech) style
  • Ausonius Éditions (French) style
  • The Journal of Biological Chemistry style
  • History of the Human Sciences style
  • Anesthesiology style
  • Antarctic Science style
  • Annals of Biomedical Engineering style
  • Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine style
  • Annual Review of Medicine style
  • Austrian Legal (German - Austria) style
  • Bioinformatics style
  • American Psychological Association 5th edition style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (single-spaced bibliography) style
  • Journal of Rheumatology style
  • Biotechnology and Bioengineering style
  • American Psychological Association 6th edition (Provost) (French - Canada) style
  • Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research style
  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (author-date, German) style
  • Avian Diseases style
  • Babes-Bolyai University - Faculty of Orthodox Theology (Romanian) style
  • Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons style
  • Avian Conservation and Ecology style
  • American Fisheries Society style
  • Clinical Infectious Diseases style
  • Bluebook Inline style
  • BMJ style
  • Journal of the American College of Cardiology style
  • Body & Society style
  • British Journal of Anaesthesia style
  • Conservation Letters style
  • British Journal of Cancer style
  • Journal of the Association for Information Systems style
  • Conservation Physiology style
  • British Journal of Dermatology style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (full note) style
  • Journal of Zoology style
  • Copernicus Publications style
  • British Journal of Haematology style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (note) style
  • Elsevier Vancouver style
  • International Labour Organization style
  • Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (note, annotated bibliography) style
  • Clays and Clay Minerals style
  • Lethaia style
  • Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation 7th edition (McGill Guide) style
  • Deutsches Archäologisches Institut style
  • Forensic Science Review style
  • Circulation style
  • Council of Science Editors, Name-Year (author-date) style
  • Medical History style
  • Methods of Information in Medicine style
  • DIN 1505-2 (alphanumeric, German) style
  • Journal of Animal Science style
  • Freshwater Science style
  • Modern Humanities Research Association 3rd edition (author-date) style
  • Cytometry style
  • Elsevier Harvard 2 style
  • Journal of Industrial Ecology style
  • Elsevier (numeric, without titles) style
  • Gastroenterology style
  • Genome Biology and Evolution style
  • Ecological Entomology style
  • Journal of Mammalogy style
  • Russian GOST R 7.0.5-2008 (Russian) style
  • European Journal of Emergency Medicine style
  • Emerald journals (Harvard) style
  • European Journal of Human Genetics style
  • American Journal of Clinical Pathology style
  • European Journal of Immunology style
  • Journal of the American College of Surgeons style
  • Coventry University - Harvard style
  • Entomological Society of America style
  • European Journal of Neuroscience style
  • Harvard - University of Limerick style
  • Harvard - The University of Melbourne style
  • Fachhochschule Vorarlberg (alphanumeric, German) style
  • Harvard - University of Wolverhampton style
  • France (tous les auteurs, auteur-date, French) style
  • Genetics style
  • Heart Rhythm style
  • INTER: Romanian Review for Theological and Religious Studies style
  • European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases style
  • Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie style
  • HAND style
  • Harvard - Oxford Brookes University style
  • Institut national de la recherche scientifique - Sciences sociales (author-date, French) style
  • American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics style
  • Manchester University Press monographs style
  • Harvard - University of West London style
  • Interdisziplinäre Zeitschrift für Technologie und Lernen (German) style
  • McDonald Institute Monographs style
  • Journal of Applied Animal Science style
  • International Journal of Climatology style
  • Modern Language Association 6th edition (note) style
  • International Journal of Exercise Science style
  • Mohr Siebeck - Recht (German - Austria) style
  • International Organization style
  • Human Mutation style
  • International Journal of Audiology style
  • Journal of Chemical Ecology style
  • Investigative Radiology style
  • Molecular Plant style
  • Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair style
  • Invertebrate Biology style
  • Journal of Combinatorics style
  • Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery style
  • Journal of Evolutionary Biology style
  • Journal of Forensic Sciences style
  • Journal of Veterinary Cardiology style
  • ISO-690 (author-date, Slovak) style
  • Journal of Infectious Diseases style
  • European Journal of Information Systems style
  • Landes Bioscience Journals style
  • Journal of Nutrition style
  • Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience style
  • Latin American Perspectives style
  • Jahrbuch der Österreichischen Byzantinischen Gesellschaft style
  • Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques style
  • Law & Society Review style
  • Journal of the American Ceramic Society style
  • Journal of Alzheimer's Disease style
  • Liver International style
  • Journal of Glaciology style
  • Journal of Tropical Ecology style
  • Harvard - University of Sunderland style
  • International Studies Association style
  • Metallurgical and Materials Transactions style
  • Journal of Vegetation Science style
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases style
  • Journal of Human Evolution style
  • ISO-690 (numeric, French) style
  • Kindheit und Entwicklung style
  • Methods in Ecology and Evolution style
  • ISO-690 (numeric, Lithuanian) style
  • Journal of Lipid Research style
  • Irish Historical Studies style
  • médecine/sciences style
  • National Science Foundation (grant proposals) style
  • Journal of Information Technology style
  • Journal of Applied Ecology style
  • Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society style
  • Journal of Marketing style
  • ISO-690 (full note, Slovak) style
  • OSCOLA (Oxford University Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities) (no Ibid. and "(n__)") style
  • Oxford University Press HUMSOC style
  • American Journal of Primatology style
  • Journal of Basic Microbiology style
  • Journal of European Public Policy style
  • Journal of Orthopaedic Research style
  • Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology style
  • Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research style
  • Journal of Field Ornithology style
  • Neurology India style
  • New Hart's Rules: The Oxford Style Guide style
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology style
  • Journal of Food Protection style
  • Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing style
  • Journal of Molecular Endocrinology style
  • Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association style
  • Journal of the American Society of Nephrology style
  • Oral Diseases style
  • Oxford Centre for Mission Studies (Harvard) style
  • Journal of Integrated OMICS style
  • Journal of Transport Geography style
  • Journal of Neuroscience and Neuroengineering style
  • Oxford Studies on the Roman Economy style
  • Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine style
  • Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie (German) style
  • Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science style
  • Language style
  • Modern Humanities Research Association 3rd edition (note with bibliography) style
  • Journal of the American Water Resources Association style
  • Le tapuscrit (École des hautes études en sciences sociales) (note, French) style
  • Modern Language Association 7th edition (German/Deutsch) style
  • Meteoritics & Planetary Science style
  • Molecular Biology of the Cell style
  • Molecular Biology and Evolution style
  • Nature Publishing Group Vancouver style
  • Natureza & Conservação (Brazilian Journal of Nature Conservation) (Portuguese - Brazil) style
  • Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation style
  • Navigation style
  • O.W. Barth Verlag (German) style
  • Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy style
  • Modern Language Association 7th edition (with URL) style
  • Molecular Psychiatry (letters to the editor) style
  • Evolutionary Anthropology style
  • American Physics Society style
  • Multiple Sclerosis Journal style
  • Frontiers in Optics style
  • NeuroReport style
  • Organization Science style
  • Gallia (French) style
  • Genes to Cells style
  • Global Change Biology style
  • PAIN style
  • Palaeontology style
  • Harvard - Staffordshire University style
  • Pediatric Allergy and Immunology style
  • Histoire & Mesure (French) style
  • Periodontology 2000 style
  • American Society for Microbiology style
  • Human Brain Mapping style
  • Plant Pathology style
  • ProInflow (note, Czech) style
  • Public Health Nutrition style
  • Infoclio (German - Switzerland) style
  • Information Systems Research style
  • Institute of Physics (numeric) style
  • Radiology style
  • Reproduction style
  • International Microbiology style
  • Invertebrate Systematics style
  • Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists style
  • Annals of Applied Biology style
  • ISO-690 (note, without bibliography, Czech) style
  • ISO-690 (numeric, brackets, Czech) style
  • Juristische Zitierweise (Stüber) (German) style
  • Journal of Applied Philosophy style
  • Art History style
  • BioEssays style
  • Kidney International style
  • Journal of Elections, Public Opinion & Parties style
  • Magnetic Resonance in Medicine style
  • Media, Culture & Society style
  • Journal of Hearing Science style
  • Journal of Morphology style
  • Modern Language Association 7th edition style
  • Mutagenesis style
  • Journal of Petrology style
  • Journal of Simulation style
  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology - School of Computer Science and Communication style
  • Microbial Drug Resistance style
  • Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions style
  • Molecular Therapy style
  • Briefings in Bioinformatics style
  • Obesity style
  • Pädagogische Hochschule Heidelberg (German) style
  • Nature (no "et al.") style
  • New Phytologist style
  • New Solutions style
  • Nucleic Acids Research style
  • British Journal of Industrial Relations style
  • Harvard style

Harvard is a commonly used method of referencing, which uses the Author-Date system.

 

Which Harvard style?

Note: Harvard has been adapted to suit many different publication styles. The style used in this guide follows the standard prescribed by the following manual:
Snooks & Co. 2002, Style manual for authors, editors and printers, 6th edn. John Wiley & Sons, Milton, Qld.This is the official style followed in most Australian Government publications.

 

Which style does my Faculty or School use?

Some Schools require a different style from the one outlined here. Use the citation style  required by your Faculty or School.

 

Why Reference your sources?

It is important to reference the sources you use for essays and reports, so that the reader can follow your arguments and check your sources.  It is essential to correctly acknowledge the author when quoting or using other people’s ideas in your work.

 

How do I use Harvard?

 

 

  1. In-text citations are made like this

 

Paraphrasing and in-text citations

Example
The point made by an analytic philosopher (O'Connor 1969, p. 32) is that values cannot be justified in this way. However Kneller (1963b, p. 102) insists that the theorist will inevitably be involved in value claims. 

 

Note: Page, chapter or section numbers may be included in the in-text citation if the cited work is long and the information helps the reader locate the relevant information.

When the authors name is mentioned in-text (eg. Kneller in the example above) add year and page numbers only to the in-text reference.

Entries that have the same author and year are noted by adding a, b, c etc to the year, both in-text eg. Kneller (1963b, p. 102) and in the Reference List (see entries in Reference List below).

 

Direct quotes and in-text citations 

Examples:
‘Having a solid plan as part of research design is essential’ (Hatch 2002, p. 46).
or
Hatch (2002, p. 46) believes ‘having a solid plan as part of research design is essential.’

 

 Note: Always include page numbers when citing a quotation and enclose the quote in single quotation marks.

 

Block quotes and in-text citations

Example:

Inductive analysis is discussed:
            Inductive thinking proceeds from the specific to the general.  Understandings are generated by starting with specfic
          elements and finding connections among them.  To argue inductively is to begin with particular pieces of evidence,
          then pull them together into a meaningful whole.  Inductive data analysis is a search for patterns of meaningful data so
          the general statements about phenomena under investigation can be made (Hatch 2002, p. 161).

 Note: Place a quotation of 30 or more words in your work as a free standing block.  These quotes are usually indented eg. 5 spaces and are in a smaller font eg. 1 pt smaller than the surrounding text.  Do not enclose the quote in quotation marks.

 

  1. Reference lists, at the end of your paper, are made like this (arrange your list alphabetically by author).


Hatch, JA 2002, Doing qualitative research in education settings. State of , .

Kneller, JP 1963a, Is logical thinking logical? Ponsonby & Partridge, Dubbo.

-----1963b, ‘Thinking and logical interaction’, Brain Logic, vol. 257, no. 4, pp. 54-62.

O'Connor, DJ 1969, An introduction to the philosophy of education, Routledge & Kegan Paul, .

[See the sample Reference list].

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