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All About Africa For Kids Homework Sheets

African Crafts

Enjoy this collection of African crafts, based on traditional African handicrafts and our favourite...


Find out some interesting information about Africa's largest country, Algeria, and print out...

Angola Flag Printables

We've got flag bookmarks, notebooking pages, mini booklet, jigsaw, flag colouring page and...


Learn about Benin, a country in West Africa, and print out its flag in many different formats and...


Discover a little about Botswana with our fun facts for kids, and enjoy our collection of flag and...


Did you know that Cameroon has the world's most poisonous lake? Discover more fun facts about...

Cote d'Ivoire

Did you know that Cote d'Ivoire is the world's largest exporter of cocoa? Learn some more...


Learn a little about Egypt and enjoy our colouring pages of the famous sites and our Egyptian flag...


The Gambia is the smallest country in Africa - but home to 569 species of birds! Learn a little...


Learn about Ghana, a country with the world's largest artificial lake and a space program! Fun...


Discover something about Kenya with our fun facts, and make use of our Kenyan flag printables, maps...


Learn about Lesotho, the country with the highest low point in the world! Discover more fun facts...


Learn a little about Malawi and enjoy our collection of flag printables - fun for the kids and...


Did you know that Mauritius was home to the dodo, before it became extinct? You can find out more...

Morocco Flag Printables

Coming soon... Red is a symbolic colour in Morocco, representing the descent of the royal family...


Learn a little about Mozambique and enjoy our collection of printables, worksheets and flags....


From the Kalahari Desert to the Sossusvlei Dunes to the Skeleton Coast - Namibia is a country of...


Have you heard of Nollywood? Find out what it is and discover more interesting facts about Nigeria...


Learn about Rwanda, the land of a thousand hills. We have flag printables, maps and worksheets to...

Saint Helena

Learn a little about the island of Saint Helena and enjoy our collection of Saint Helena flag...


What do you know about the island chain, the Seychelles? Perhaps you are lucky enough to be going...

Sierra Leone

Learn a little about the African country, Sierra Leone, enjoy our fun facts, and print flags, maps...

South Africa

Here you can pay a quick visit to South Africa, learn some fun facts and enjoy a range of...


Read a few interesting facts about Swaziland below, and scroll down for a set of flag printables,...


Learn about the fascinating African country of Tanzania - home to exotic spice islands, Africa'...


From savannah to fertile rainforests, Uganda is a fascinating country. Learn some fun facts with...


Find out a little about Zambia, one of two countries which share the spectactular Victoria Falls,...


Find out some fun facts about Zimbabwe with the kids, and enjoy our printable flags and other...

Africa Facts

Our Africa Facts for Kids bring you lots of interesting and fun facts on the African continent.

The African continent is located mainly in the Eastern hemisphere and to the major part in the Northern  hemisphere. Did you know that Africa, which covers over 30 million square kilometres, is bigger than the USA, Canada and India together? 

Top 20 Africa Facts 

1. There are 54 countries in Africa - and 9 territories -with a total of more than 1.1 billion people living on the continent, which is 15% of the world's total population. Find a clickable Africa map here.

2. Largest Country: Algeria. The country is covering more than half the continent's landmass. However, the most populous country is Nigeria, with more than 185 million people, but the country is only a third of the size of Algeria.

3. Largest City: Lagos in Nigeria. With more than 21 million inhabitants, Lagos is also one of the six biggest metropolitan cities in the world.

4. Smallest Country: Seychelles, which is an archipelago (nation of islands) in the Indian Ocean. On the African mainland, the smallest country is The Gambia. Read our Seychelles Facts here.

5. Biggest Island: Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world (after Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo).

Nosy Kombo in Madagascar

6. Longest River: Nile (6,852metres/4,258miles). The Nile is the longest river in the world. The Nile has two sources: The White Nile coming from Lake Victoria in Tanzania and the Blue Nile coming from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The river mouth is in Egypt. The confluence in Khartoum/Sudan.

Map of the Nile river

7. Highest Mountain: Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. The highest peak of the mountain 'Kibo Peak', also called 'Uhuru Peak', (4,895metres/16,060ft) is located in the Tanzanian highlands.

Kilimanjaro - Highest Mountain in Africa

8. Biggest Lake: Lake Victoria (bordering Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya) is also the world's second largest freshwater lake. Only Lake Superior in North America is bigger!

Fisherman at Lake Victoria in Kenya

9. Driest Place: The Sahara in northern Africa is the largest hot desert in the world. The climate is extremely dry (arid) in this region.

Camels trek through the Sahara desert

10. There are sixteen landlocked countries in Africa. Two tiny countries, Swaziland and Lesotho, are located within South Africa. These countries are all located in the interior of the continent and have neither access to the Atlantic Ocean nor to the Indian Ocean. Two of these countries, the tiny countries, Swaziland and Lesotho, are located within South Africa. 

More Africa Facts

11. History: Africa is the 'cradle of humankind', the place where the first hominids, human beings and their closest relatives the gorilla and chimpanzees, evolved 5 to 10 million years ago. Fossils found in Africa, show that the modern human beings spread from this continent. One of the earliest evidences of human life were found in South Africa. 'Mrs Ples and the Taung Child are among the most important fossils found. Many powerful kingdoms existed on the African continent in the early history and the Middle Ages. Between the 5th and 15th century, African slaves were traded mainly by Arab traders. In the late 19th century Europeans started conquering Africa which was then colonised in the 19th and 20th century mainly from Britain and France, but also from the Dutch, Italian and Germans.

San people from Botswana

12. People of Africa: There are more than 3,000 different groups of indigenous people living in Africa. They have their own language and culture. The majority of Africans is poor. The poorest countries are the DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Zimbabwe. Among the most developed and richest countries are the Seychelles, Libya, Mauritius, Algeria, Egypt, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.

13. Languages in Africa: It is estimated that about 2,000 different languages are spoken on the African continent! Many Africans speak several African languages and also often another 'European' language. In many countries, people speak English, French or Portuguese as an additional language, as these languages are often used in communication and business. English is widely spoken in Africa as many countries were formerly British colonies. Arabic, the language spoken in northern Africa, is also used as official language.

14. Religion: Most of the African people are Christians and Muslims. In North Africa and many West African countries, most people follow the Islam. There are also almost 10% of Africans that follow traditional religious rituals which means they have traditional healing rituals such as bone-throwing, 'magic' and herbal medicine and celebrating the spirit of the ancestors.

15. Tourist attractions in Africa: The most popular African tourist attractions are:

  • Cape Town in South Africa
  • Masai Mara National Park in Kenya
  • Kruger National Park in South Africa
  • Victoria Falls in Zambia/Zimbabwe
  • Namibia: Namib Desert and Etosha National Park
  • Mauritius and the Indian Ocean Islands
  • Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
  • Morocco - Markets, Deserts and Mountains
Atlas Mountains in Morocco

Another 5 Interesting Africa Facts

16. Biggest Cities: The most populous city in Africa is Lagos with more than 16 million people. Cairo in Egypt is the second largest city in Africa.

Other big cities in Africa are:

  • Kinshasa (DR Congo)
  • Johannesburg (South Africa)
  • Casablanca (Morocco)
  • Nairobi (Kenya)
  • Cape Town (South Africa)
Cape Town/South Africa

Africa Facts - Did you know? The southernmost city in Africa is Cape Town in South Africa! However, the southernmost point of the African continent is Cape Agulhas, which is roughly 170km/100 miles southeast from Cape Town.

17. Animals: In Africa, you will find some of the largest mammals on this planet. Among them are the largest land mammal, the African elephant, the tallest mammal, the giraffe, and the fastest mammal, the cheetah, which can run with speeds up to 113km/hour or 70 miles/hour!

African elephant - the largest land mammal

Africa is also home to many endangered animals such as the White and Black Rhinoceros. Kruger National Park where one can admire the beautiful African wildlife is one of the biggest national parks and wildlife conservation areas in the world.

18. Main natural resources in Africa are minerals such as oil, copper, gold, diamonds, platinum and agricultural produce such as corn, coffee, wheat and fruits. Almost 65% of all Africans work in the agricultural sector.

19. Nature superlatives

  • Sahara desert is the driest hot desert on earth
  • The Nile is the world's longest river
  • Tugela Falls in South Africa are Africa's highest waterfalls 
  • Blyde River Canyon in South Africa is the world's largest green canyon
Blyde River Canyon South Africa

20. More than half of the African continent is covered by grassland or savannah. Northern Africa is dominated by the vast Sahara desert and the semi-arid Sahel zone which also includes fertile land in the Nile delta. Central Africa has rainforests, coastal plains and the continents highest mountains and lakes. Southern Africa lies mainly on a high plateau and only has a small coastal band.

And one more interesting fact: The Cape Floral Region in South Africa has the most plant varieties in the world!

Useful Resources for Africa Facts

  • National Geographic Photogallery: Africa. Last accessed: 29.01.2018
  • Nations Online Project: Clickable Africa Map - last accessed: 29.01.2018
  • National Geographic: World Atlas for Young Explorers. Washington: 2010
  • Earth Condensed. The World Atlas by Millennium House. 2009

Image Credits on Africa Facts page: Shutterstock.com, wikipedia commons and own

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